Report 2015

How to cite figures and tables:

Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation (EFI), Berlin (Ed.) (2015): Research, innovation and technological performance in Germany - EFI Report 2015, EFI, Berlin.

 

Infographics

Infographic B1: Promoting innovation through cluster policy

Infographic B2: MOOCs: an innovator in the education sector

Infographic B3: Digital innovation and the need for reform of copyright law

Infographic B4: Additive manufacturing (“3D printing”)

 

Figures

Figure 01: Development of venture-capital investment as a percentage of national gross domestic product, 2009 to 2013

Figure 02: German music industry: new releases, user ratings, turnover, 2001 to 2011

Figure 03: German film industry: new releases, user ratings, turnover, 2001 to 2011

Figure 04: Global turnover with AM goods (hardware and software) and services in millions of US dollars

Figure 05: Number, quality (Hirsch Index) and average growth of AM-relevant publications (2000 to 2014) in selected countries

Figure 06: Development of the number of AM-relevant PCT patent families in selected countries, 2000 to 2012

Figure C1-1: Qualification levels of gainfully employed persons in selected EU countries, 2013 (figures in percent)

Figure C1-3: School-leavers qualified for higher education in Germany, 1970 to 2025 (figures after 2014 are projections)

Figure C1-5: Foreign students at German tertiary education institutions

Figure C2-1: R&D intensity in selected OECD countries and China, 2003 to 2013 (figures in percent)

Figure C2-2: State budget estimates for civil R&D

Figure C2-6: Internal corporate R&D expenditure as a percentage of turnover from the company’s own products, 2011, 2012 and 2013

Figure C3-1: Innovation intensity by European comparison, 2012 (figures in percent)

Figure C3-2: Innovation intensity in industry and knowledge-intensive services in Germany (figures in percent)

Figure C3-3: Percentage of turnover generated by new products in industry and knowledge-intensive services

Figure C3-4: Number of assigned secretariats for technical committees and sub-committees of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

Figure C4-1: R&D spending in the business sector directly and indirectly funded by the public sector in 2012 as a percentage of national GDP

Figure C4-2: Venture-capital investment as a percentage of national GDP in 2012 and 2013

Figure C4-3: Development of venture-capital investment in Germany in billions of euros 2007 to 2013

Figure C5-1: Start-up rates in 2012 by international comparison (figures in percent)

Figure C5-2: Start-up rates in Germany’s knowledge economy, 2004 to 2013 (figures in percent)

Figure C5-3: Closure rates in Germany’s knowledge economy, 2004 to 2013 (figures in percent)

Figure C5-4: Start-up rates by Länder, 2011 to 2012 (figures in percent)

Figure C6-1: Development of the number of transnational patent applications in selected countries

Figure C6-3: Development of the specialisation index in selected countries: high-value technology

Figure C6-4: Development of the specialisation index in selected countries: cutting-edge technology

Figure C7-1: Percentages of all publications in the Web of Science that stem from selected countries and regions, 2003 and 2013

Figure C7-2: International alignment (IA) of publications in the Web of Science from selected countries and regions, 2003 and 2011 (index values)

Figure C7-3: Scientific regard (SR) of publications in the Web of Science from selected countries and regions, 2003 and 2011 (index values)

Figure C8-2: R&D-intensive industries and knowledge-intensive services as a percentage of value added 2000 to 2012

Figure C8-3: Development of gross value added in various industry sectors in Germany in billions of euros

Figure C8-4: Development of employment covered by social security in various industry sectors in Germany

 

Tables

Table 01: Types of video content on the internet

Table C1-2: Number of new tertiary students as a percentage of the relevant age group in selected OECD countries and China

Table C1-4: Number of first-time graduates and subject structure rates

Table C1-6: Percentage participation of individuals and establishments in further training

Table C2-3: Distribution of gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) by performing sector, 2003 and 2013

Table C2-4: R&D intensity of Germany’s Länder, 2001 and 2011 (figures in percent)

Table C2-5: Internal R&D spending by companies: origin of funds, economic sector, company size and technology category, 2011

Table C6-2: Absolute number, intensity and growth rates of transnational patent applications in the field of R&D-intensive technology in 2012

Table C8-1: Revealed comparative advantages (RCA) of selected countries in foreign trade in research-intensive goods 2000 to 2013