Report 2014

How to cite figures and tables:

Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation (EFI), Berlin (Ed.) (2014): Research, innovation and technological performance in Germany - EFI Report 2014, EFI, Berlin.

Figures

Figure 01: First-year tertiary students and first-year vocational trainees of the dual system in the former territory of the Federal Republic of Germany 1965 to 2011

Figure 02: Share of research-intensive industries and knowledge-intensive services in value added between 2000 and 2011

Figure 03: Development of labour productivity in research-intensive industries

Figure 04: Development of labour productivity in knowledge-intensive services

Figure 05: Number of worldwide transnational patent applications and internationally renowned publications in the field of high-performance electronics

Figure 06: Germany's percentage share in transnational patent applications and internationally renowned publications in the field of high-performance electronics

Figure 07: Number of worldwide transnational patent applications and internationally renowned publications in the field of high-performance batteries

Figure 08: Germany's percentage share in transnational patent applications and internationally renowned publications in the field of high-performance batteries

Figure 09: Number of worldwide transnational patent applications and internationally renowned publications in the field of fuel cell technology

Figure 10: Germany's percentage share in transnational patent applications and internationally renowned publications in the field of fuel cell technology

Figure 11: Number of publications and publication intensity of locations in 2012

Figure 12: Excellence rate of publications per location in 2010

Figure 13: Number of transnational medical patent applications and average number of patent citations per application 2005 - 2007

Figure 14: Patent and publication intensity of locations 2008 - 2010

Figure 15: Boston/Cambridge and its major medical research institutions

Figure 16: Government funding for health-related R&D (2012) as a percentage of GDP

Figure 17: Basic funds, administrative revenue and third-party funds in university medicine 2002 - 2011

Figure 18: Number of clinical trials registered worldwide by ClinicalTrials.gov

Figure 19: Number of clinical trials registered in Europe by ClinicalTrials.gov

Figure 20: International mobility patterns of publishing scientists in international comparison

Figure 21: Inflows and outflows of publishing scientists between 1996 and 2011

Figure 22: Scientific impact of movers and stayers among publishing scientists between 1996 and 2011

Figure 23: Relative impact of inflowing and outflowing publishing scientists between 1996 and 2011

Figure 24: Outflow rates of patenting inventors in international comparison between 1990 and 2010

Figure 25: Inflow rates of patenting inventors in international comparison between 1990 and 2010

Figure 26: Inflows and outflows of patenting inventors between 2001 and 2010

Figure 27: Nationality of grantees funded by the European Research Council between 2007 and 2013

Figure 28: Reasons for international mobility of scientists

Figure 29: International scientific collaboration and impact of scientific publications between 2003 and 2011

Figure 30: The leading countries' share in global R&D expenditure in the ICT sector 2011

Figure 31: Share of female graduates in engineering sciences in 2010

Figure 32: Share of women at different career stages in academia 2000 to 2012 - Biology

Figure 32: Share of women at different career stages in academia 2000 to 2012 - Human medicine, health sciences

Figure 32: Share of women at different career stages in academia 2000 to 2012 - Mathematics and natural sciences

Figure 32: Share of women at different career stages in academia 2000 to 2012 - Engineering sciences

Figure 33: Share of women in leadership positions in 2012

Figure 34: Share of women in the highest decision-making committees of the largest listed companies in Europe in 2012

Figure C1-1: Qualification level of the workforce in selected EU countries in 2012

Figure C1-3: School-leavers qualified for higher education in Germany 1970 to 2025, projection from 2013

Figure C1-5: Foreign students at German tertiary education institutions

Figure C2-1: R&D intensity in selected OECD countries and China

Figure C2-2: State budget estimates for civil R&D

Figure C2-6: Internal R&D expenditure relative to revenue from domestic products 2010, 2011, 2012

Figure C3-1: Innovation intensity in 2010 in European comparison

Figure C3-2: Innovation intensity in Germany's industry and knowledge-intensive services

Figure C3-3: Proportion of revenue generated with new products in industry and knowledge-intensive services

Figure C3-4: Number of assigned secretariats for technical committees and subcommittees of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

Figure C4-1: Share of the business sector's R&D expenditure directly and indirectly funded by the public sector, as a share of GDP, 2011

Figure C4-2: Venture capital investments as a share of national GDP

Figure C4-3: Development of venture capital investments in Germany

Figure C5-2: Start-up rates in 2010 in international comparison

Figure C5-3: Start-up rates in Germany's knowledge economy

Figure C5-4: Closure rates in Germany's knowledge economy

Figure C5-5: Start-up rates according to federal states 2010 - 2012

Figure C6-1: Development of numbers in transnational patent applications over time for selected countries

Figure C6-3: Development of the high-value technology specialisation index over time, for selected countries

Figure C6-4: Development of the cutting-edge technology specialisation index over time, for selected countries

Figure C7-1: Shares of selected countries and regions for Web of Science publications in 2002 and 2012

Figure C7-2: International alignment of selected countries and regions for Web of Science publications in 2002 and 2010

Figure C7-3: Scientific regard for Web of Science publications from selected countries and regions in 2002 and 2010

Figure C8-2: Shares of R&D-intensive industries and knowledge-intensive services in value added

Figure C8-3: Development of gross value added in various industry sectors in Germany

Figure C8-4: Employment trends in various industry sectors in Germany

 

Tables

Table 01: EEG compensation payments to plant operators and EEG reallocation charge between 2000 and 2013

Table 02: Development of healthcare expenditure as a proportion of GDP in selected countries 1970 - 2010

Table 03: Development of R&D in the pharmaceutical industry in selected countries 1980 - 2010

Table 04: Overview of university medicine locations

Table 05: German Centres for Health Research (DZG)

Table 06: Clinical Trials 2005 - 2012 according to source of funding

Table 07: Examples of enhanced research cooperations between university medicine and industry in Germany

Table 08: Share of foreign inventors among the top 10 PCT patent applicants of companies and research institutions in selected countries between 2006 and 2010

Table 09: Classification of ICT sector according to European Information Technology Observatory (EITO)

Table 10: A comparison of growth rates for the ICT segments in the German market and the world market

Table 11: Distribution of transnational patent applications in the field of computer and telecommunication in various countries

Table 12: Share of women in academic leadership positions in 2010

Table 13: Target quotas and current share of women at the elite universities

Table 14: Target quotas and current share of women in non-university research institutions

Table C1-2: Share of new tertiary students in the relevant age group in selected OECD countries

Table C1-4: Number of first-time graduates and subjects structure rates

Table C1-6: Further training according to employment status and qualification level

Table C2-3: Distribution of gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) by performing sector 2001 and 2011

Table C2-4: R&D intensity of Germany's federal states between 2001 and 2011

Table C2-5: Internal R&D expenditure of companies according to source of funding, sectors, size, and technology categories 2011

Table C5-1: Cost and burden of starting up a business

Table C6-2: Transnational patent applications in the field of high technology: absolute number, intensity and growth rates in 2011

Table C8-1: Comparative advantages (Revealed Comparative Advantage, RCA) of selected countries in foreign trade in research-intensive goods